Postgraduate in Paediatric PhysiotherapyUniversitat Internacional de Catalunya
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- Barcelona (Spagna)
- 300 ore di lezione
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Descending motor pathways
1. Anatomy and embryology
- Infant fetal skeletal muscle development
- Malformation, deformation, disruption.
2. Neurophysiology of the motor control systems
- Description of the levels of the CNS involved in controlling movement.
- Descending motor pathways.
- Function of the cerebellum, basal ganglia and cortex in motor control.
- Clinical characteristics associated with lesions to the upper motor neuron.
- Clinical characteristics associated with lesions to the cerebellum.
- Clinical characteristics associated with lesions to the basal ganglia.
3. Development and growth
- Contemporary view of motor development (dynamic systems).
- Advances in neuroscience applied to the study of movement.
- Advances in neuroscience applied to the acquisition of postural control and balance.
- Effects of the sensory systems (visual, vestibular and propioceptor somatosensory) in the development of postural control and balance.
- Main neurological anomalies that bring about problems with balance.
- Development of the skeletal muscle system as it grows.
4. Special services for children with neuromotor disorder
- Foundations of early treatment.
- Role of the physiotherapist in the educational field (psychopedagogy assessment team, ordinary/special school).
- Care in hospitals.
5. CNS pathology
- Upper motor neuron lesion.
- Adaptive neural and skeletal muscle mechanisms occurring following a CNS lesion.
- Assessment mechanisms in the case of spasticity.
- Etiology and causes of cerebral palsy.
- Therapeutic approach to the different types of cerebral palsy.
- Neurological syndromes: Rett syndrome, Angelman syndrome, etc.
- Traumatic brain injury.
6. Skeletal muscle pathologies
- Obstetric brachial palsy.
- Congenital muscular torticolis.
- Congenital hip dislocation.
- Achondroplasia and congenital deformities.
- Congenital arthrogryposis multiplex.
- Malformations of the neural tube (spina bifida). Level of lesion.
- Perthes syndrome.
7. Neuromuscular pathology
- Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
- Infant muscular atrophy.
- Other neuromuscular disorders: Guilain-Barré syndrome, Steiner muscular dystrophy.
- Specific assessment mechanisms for infant neuromuscular disorders.
- Technology available to children with neuromuscular disorders.
- Neurological exploration and the diagnostic process in childhood neurology.
- Objectives and assessment methods in infant rehabilitation.
- Assessment tools in paediatric physiotherapy: gross motor function measure (GMFM), gross motor function classification system for cerebral palsy (GMFCSPC), Berg Balance Scale.
- Assessment of spasticity.
- Skeletal muscle assessment:
- Biomechanical and functional bases of sedestation in a growing child.
- Sedestation assessment protocols in the therapeutic decision.
- Usage criteria for adjustment by way of plaster: moulded chairs and their forms.
- Assessment of hip growth.
- Usage criteria for standing programmes.
- Skeletal muscle assessment of the lower limbs.
- Usage criteria for the different orthesic options.
9. Therapeutic intervention
- Main treatment focuses in the history of paediatric physiotherapy.
- Therapeutic intervention strategies for different posture and movement dysfunctions. Scientific foundations that endorse the different therapeutic strategies.
- Physiotherapy intervention programmes for different pathologies.
- Function of technical aids and adapted material.
- Mobility aids in the therapeutic process.
- Training in walking by way of systems which partially support weight.
- Postural and orthopaedic prevention aids: splints, standing, moulded chairs.
- Postoperative physiotherapy treatment.
- Therapeutic intervention programmes in changes in the diet and language of children with perceptual and motor disorders.
- Basal stimulation techniques applied to children with multiple deficiencies.
- Therapeutic work techniques in families with disabled children.
- Play as a therapeutic tool.
- Physiotherapy respiratory techniques in paediatrics.
- Function and use of TheraTogs in the therapeutic process.
- Therapeutic strategies for the development of biped balance.
10. Walking in children
- Characteristics of a normal and pathological step.
- Biomechanics of the foot/ankle.
- Principals of stability and control.
- Development of a biomechanical basis for dynamic ankle foot orthosis (DAFO) and assessment: forefoot, dorsiflexion, plantar flexion.
- Assessment and accuracy in making suitable orthotic decisions.
11. Psychopedagogical intervention
- Changes in cognitive functions and behaviour disorders.
- Alternative communication systems and technology available to children with disabilities.
- Surgery in different skeletal muscle pathologies.
- Neurosurgery in CNS pathologies.
- Surgery treating the consequences of cerebral palsy.
13. Therapeutic recreation activities
- Aquatic activities for children with disabilities.
- Equine therapy.
14. Research methodology
- Scientific research, introduction and methods.
- Bibliographical reviews.
- Type of publications: clinical cases, articles, clinical practice guides.
- Levels of scientific evidence.